The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has become one of the most prominent international platforms to solve disputes regarding human rights, since it was established on 21st November 1959. The main motivation behind ECHR arose after World War II which created a comprehensive awareness within the society regarding the necessity of protection of human rights, which later persuaded countries to adopt a binding international document in order to guarantee the protection of human rights and referred to this document as “The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms” that was adopted in 1950, also known as the “European Convention on Human Rights”. The ECHR, while dealing with alleged human rights violations, examines the rules governing fundamental rights stated in the European Convention on Human Rights, by way of illustration of the right to life, right to liberty and security, right to fair and just trial, right to education, prohibition of torture, prohibition of slavery and servitude, freedom of assembly, freedom of expression etc.
Currently the all members of the European Council recognize the jurisdiction of the ECHR. English and French are the two official languages that are recognized during the Court’s procedure. Individuals and states can bring a case in front of the Court against another member state or states that have already accepted the jurisdiction of the ECHR.
Note: This committee is apt for delegates who are studying law.
Agenda Item: TBA
Under-Secretary-General responsible: Dilara Kaçar
Assistant Under-Secretary-General responsible: Can İnan